Chandrayaan 2: India Is All Set Fly The Tricolour On The Moon
After the first Chandrayaan mission in 2008 and repeating that success with Mangalyaan in 2014, ISRO is all set to launch Chandrayaan-2 on July 17. The Rs 978-crore Chandrayaan-2 mission will mark India’s first attempt to soft-land on the moon surface. And the countdown is scheduled to start at 6.51 am Sunday, July 14. The final checks and rehearsals like the full dress rehearsal of the spacecraft and launch rehearsals will take place preceding the launch.
Scientists and engineers are working tirelessly through these tense hours at the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command (ISTRAC), preparing for the launch rehearsal. A scientist part of the mission shared, “The full dress rehearsal of the spacecraft will take place on Thursday when we will check all the links from the Lander (Vikram) and the Orbiter.”
After completing the FDR, ISRO is set to begin preparations for the launch rehearsals at the launchpad in Sriharikota involving ‘dummy’ commands sent to the system to check how it responds. The team will also test signals and communication links in this rehearsal scheduled for Friday.
The aim of Chandrayaan-2 mission is to deliver a rover to an elevated plane close to the lunar South Pole on September 6 or 7 and investigate the surface for signs of water and any potential new sources of abundant energy.
Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) Chairman K Sivan said, “We will launch our second moon mission (Chandrayaan-2) on July 15 at 02:15 a.m., to land by September 6 or 7 near the lunar south pole, where no one went so far.”
Sivan further gave the mission details, saying, “The orbiter with lander and rover will be launched onboard our advanced heavy rocket (GSLV Mark III) form the Sriharikota spaceport to inject it in the earth’s elliptical orbit at 170 km perigee (nearest to earth) and 30,000 km apogee (farthest from earth) for cruising towards the moon over the next 16 days.”
ISRO has named the lander as “Vikram”, after India’s space genius Vikram Sarabhai (1919-1971) and its rover as ‘Pragyan, meaning wisdom in Sanskrit.
“The rocket will place the orbiter in the geo-transfer orbit for its passage to the lunar orbit covering 385,000km from earth to moon in 50 days for the lander to have a soft landing near its south pole,” said Sivan.
If this mission is successful, India will become the fourth country after the US, Russia and China to land on the moon.